El Nino is a system formed in the pacific ocean showing its impact on global climate changes. El Nino is active when the warm waters in the western tropical pacific ocean shift eastwards along the equator towards the coast of south America. This system brings more tropical storms in the Pacific oceans and less storms in the Atlantic ocean. Usually the warm waters stay near the Phillipines and Indonesian seas.
Rise in Ocean Temperatures
El Nino is being declared when the ocean temperatures and rainfall from the storm change the direction to the east. During El Nino the trade winds begin to weaken and reverse the direction. The El Nino forecast for 2015 was correct and recorded as the strongest El Nino.
El Nino Predictions and its effects
The tropical storms shift eastwards during this process causing very heavy down pours in various places. The system picks up atmospheric moisture forming thunder storms. More evapouration is done from the surface of warm waters. El Nino predictions do not tend to have the same effect every time. El Nino occurs once in every three to five years. The warm waters release so much amount of energy which changes the climate pattern across the Globe. The warmer ocean temperatures strengthen the storms contributing to active tropical storms.