The disease Ebola is also known as Ebola Hemorrhagic fever is caused by Ebola virus. The disease is known to be a deadly disease. Ebola virus can survive in humans as well as animals like monkeys, Gorillas and Chimpanzees. Ebola viruses exist in African Countries. The virus was discovered in 1976 in the African Country Congo. Since then there were outbreaks of the disease leading to several deaths. Five types of Ebola viruses have been identified till date out of which four can cause disease in Humans.
It is not evident about where the Ebola virus came from and how it was infected in humans. Researchers suggest that the virus is an animal borne virus and the possibility lies in Bats. Ebola can be spread through skin contact, through blood and body fluids like saliva, urine, sweat, breast milk and semen. The virus still survives in a dead person. Needles and syringes used by a infected or dead person can spread the virus.
Symptoms of Ebola
The symptoms include high fever, diarrhea, blood vomits, nausea, fatigue, cough, sore throat, mental confusion and red spots on the skin, abdomen, chest, muscle pains. The disease could be fatal if left untreated causing death.
Treatment for Ebola
There is no particular treatment for Ebola. However treatment to symptoms and re hydration with fluids improves the survival. Vaccines and medicines to destroy the virus are not yet discovered.